Pitfalls of Buying Off-Plan Overseas

Buying Off-Plan Property is a well established practice in Hong Kong. Buyers enjoy a discount, staged payments, and more choices to choose from. This popularity is built on the foundation of regulations that protects the buyers, results of painful experience of yesteryears. With the current surge of outbound investments, especially in residential markets that are familiar to many, investors should examine these opportunities when buying Off-Plan. 

Many assume that the Common Law countries would provide the same level of protection as does Hong Kong, being a former British colony. However, selling Off-Plan Properties was not a common practice, and such sales are much less regulated than in Hong Kong. There is no shortage of examples where overseas buyers lose money on these deals due to lack of oversight. These issues may range from delays in completion, over budget, building quality, developer solvency issues, or even outright cheating investors. Oftentimes, the process of planning permissions and other government approvals may take much longer than in Hong Kong.

Taxation and law differences are often overlooked by oversea investors. Unlike Hong Kong, many countries do not experience a high rate of value appreciation in real estate, and have policies to keep the residential market from overheating via fees and tax, wiping out the bulk of the investment return. In addition, mortgages may be easily obtained, especially for foreign investors. Local law may have material impact on the investment as well. In Australia, when the S&P agreement is signed, the buyer is on the hook to complete, and there is no simply forfeiting the deposit like in Hong Kong. 

When investing overseas, many have the same assumptions from their hometown. In Hong Kong, apartment flats near public transportation are desirable and can fetch a premium. The opposite is true in Japanese suburbs. In Western countries, houses are preferred over apartments located in busy districts. Buyers may find it difficult to exit their investment if they were equipped with wrong assumptions.

Overseas investors may still enjoy the benefits associated with pre sales, or buying Off-Plan. However, one must fully understand the local market, laws, fees involved, and proper due diligence on the developers. 

 

The Case for Building Better Residential

Residential properties in mega metropolitan cities are often short of satisfaction for occupiers. Many may find their flat small, inefficient, and developers trying to cram in all kinds of features with the hope of justifying its price. This is a result of residential units built to prioritize developer’s profit over end user’s satisfaction. With WFH becoming a well adopted trend due to Covid-19, tenants and occupiers are now reexamining their homes, and demanding higher quality space that is compatible with the current environment, and less so on the building’s location or proximity to the CBD.

Taking the Kennedy Terrace project as an example, a building that was designed with the end user is the priority. With a peerless 3700 sqft for its 3 en-suite standard simplex, it sits comfortably on the top of luxury residential tenants’ shortlist. As a direct consequence of not building 1800 sqft flats, competing with the surrendering offerings, Kennedy Terrace achieved approximately double that of neighboring apartment buildings when compared on a per sqft basis. The ample ceiling height, efficient layout of the unit, and the centralization of the apartment’s electrical system make the flat the ultimate blank canvas for its occupiers to personalize the unit to their heart’s content

Increasingly, landlords and developers of luxury residential sites are now faced with a dichotomy, whether to prioritize the volume of units available, or catering to the undeserved demand for larger space such as Kennedy Terrace. While the decision to provide truly spacious flats at the expense of a number of units may seem counterproductive at the beginning, filling the glaring disconnect between developer and end user’s may be as rewarding, if not more. 

Transformation through Technology

While many are discovering how much they can achieve in the confines of their own home, residential properties have their inherent constraints, i.e. space, ceiling heights, loading, electricity capacity. Other constraints may be the scale of economy of certain services or ownership of equipment. It is still much easier for one to visit an imaging clinic than to purchase and operate a MRI machine at home or have the space and equipment for a soccer game at most home (at least not yet). While the above examples are driven by certain necessities, real estates involving discretionary spending such as retailers and leisure facilities face a much steeper uphill battle.

Some malls understood the attractiveness of online social media platforms, and were able to boost traffic with installations aiming at Instagram users, or rare Pokemon in their premises with correlation with Pokemon Go, the immensely popular AR mobile game. Others have even taken that idea to the full extent, namely the Ice Cream Museum, a source of many viral pictures and videos. Interestingly, these particular businesses require large floor plates and generous ceiling heights in heavy footfall locations, which are the kind of premises that retail tenants are divesting from due to poor profitability despite their marketing potential as flagship stores. Although many of these tech integration were successful, their repeatability is questionable and unable to bridge the online offline chasm exposed by Covid-19. With the onset of 5G technology, there shall be many ways and new directions where real estate can further its connectivity and technological integration. Landlords and tenants alike will need to explore ways to complement the technological trend to ensure commercial real estate will continue to be indispensable.

Bloomberg: Hong Kong’s Rich Are Preparing for a Worst-Case Scenario

https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2020-06-13/hong-kong-s-rich-are-preparing-for-a-worst-case-scenario

While many predict Hong Kong’s real estate will experience increased pressure under the unresolved Covid-19 situation and National Security Laws, one must understand the Hong Kong real estate market is quite unique. While other mega metropolitan cities do provide relatively flush liquidity, their property markets have very different characteristics. Unlike Hong Kong, the bulk of the value of a development lies in the structure rather than the land, prices are driven by yield rather than speculations, and a host of fees and taxes that keeps prices certain sectors in check. London’s residential market, for example, is yielding multiples of that of Hong Kong’s while on the surface. However, landlord’s rental returns are quickly eroded by government fees and tax, and additional penalties for overseas landlord. While it is shrewd to have diversification, one should acquire comprehensive and holistic understanding of a foreign market before allocating one’s asset into it.

Austin Avenue Project

GBE reads the Propertyweek. GBE lead Austin Avenue project and have known many buildings in Hong Kong usually was not built with extra E-power; not with adequate ventilation ducting. Worse still, the louvres provision are limited by the pre-dominated needs for beautiful windows and the clear headroom is typically low for better GFA. This makes health sector be difficult to find right premises even this asset class is deemed to be the resilient and perform well in R.O.E.

Habitation Model in Hong Kong

GBE finds there are many variation of habitation Nowdays. From Financial Times, the studio apartment sized averagely at 37sq.m in UK. The smallest in Tyoko is 8sq.m. GBE finds one new recent development in Tuen Mun (HK) at 16sq.m.

Interestingly, some other habitation asset class like extended stay, co living, micro living offer alternative trend. The additional density in these assets uplifting the rents income per square foot but keeps the affordability to tenants.

GBE experienced the technical hurdles to unlock this rental premium potential are windows provision; HVAC, hygiene control, IT system;compliance, floor efficiency.

 

Insight from Financial Time – Tech stock rally turns Nasdaq positive for the year

Financial times told us “resilient” found in telecommunication giant. In the world of highly interdependent, the real estate expert and professional services almost needs to resort telecommunication to leverage their efficiency and accuracy. GBE believes the real estate and digital are not mutually exclusive. More to explore.

Credit:

https://www.ft.com/content/15aa4ce4-8a0d-46dc-a461-aa60207031d6?fbclid=IwAR0xUE2RyKAWxcvU9eqelt206484jgrgws62YRmJQamVGn7K9Da-X5GqEFM

 

Know More about Timber Formworks

Timber formworks is the most common for concreting. In general specification of government Edition 2017 GS 2017-02, section 6 emphasizes the formworks requirements. Seldom is discussed the requirement for basic component of formworks and how it affects the construction quality.

The stratum, the propping, falsework, crossing bracing, head tree, purlin/runner and plywood soffit are all critical components to affect the formworks stability, concrete quality, the finishes level and the subsequent follow up works.

 

Credit:

Drawing extracted from R.Chudley 2nd Ed Building Construction Handbook.

Photo : Construction Project under GBE inspection.